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Researching Competitiveness and Corruption  

This guide is designed to work with the course "Competitiveness and Corruption" and will provide resources to get you started on research within that topic.
Last Updated: Feb 28, 2017 URL: http://lawlibguides.onu.edu/corruption Print Guide RSS Updates

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Why Measure Corruption?

  • Measuring corruption, development, and government reform
    • Tension between local/international measurements and core/satellite indicators
  • UN Convention Against Corruption Art. 5 requirement
    • Establishment of anti-corruption policies and development of monitoring strategies
    • Generally, 4 types have been used
      • Public opinion surveys
      • Public sector diagnostics
      • Private sector surveys
      • Multi-country tools

Organizations Combating Corruption

  • G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group
    The G20, through its Anticorruption Working Group established in 2010, is a leader in the global fight against corruption. The OECD has been actively engaged in assisting its efforts by supporting the development of tools to strengthen members’ legislative, regulatory and institutional frameworks to improve public sector integrity, fight foreign bribery, improve international co-operation and engage with the private sector.
  • APEC Anti-Corruption and Transparency Working Group
    The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation's anti-corruption working group was instituted in 2011 to coordinate the implementation of the Santiago Commitment to Fight Corruption and Ensure Transparency and other transparency standards. The group is made up of anti-corruption experts and law enforcement officials from all member states.
  • United Nations Convention Against Corruption Working Groups
    This is a work group within the UN Office of Drugs and Crime devoted to implementing and reviewing the UN Convention Against Corruption
  • Transparency International
    Transparency International is an Non Governmental Organization committed to promoting global transparency and preventing corruption. They work with governments to reduce corruption and produce research ranking levels of corruption across the world.
  • World Bank
    World Bank is a cooperative of 189 countries dedicated to ending poverty and promoting global prosperity. The support developing countries and help them to foster strong, healthy economies.

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Ways to Measure Corruption

Ways to categorize corruption indicators:

  • Perception-based indicators
  • Experience-based indicators
  • Indicators based on a single data source
    • Consistency and clarity
    • Precision can help identify areas for intervention in governance reform
    • Weakness in definition error among respondents
  • Composite indicators
    • Summarize vast quantities of data from several sources
    • Limit measurement error
    • Complex - can lose sight of concepts measured
  • Proxy indicators
  • Subjective indicators
    • Center on perception of corruption, quality of governance, etc.
  • Objective indicators
    • Weigh factual information, such as strengths and waknesses of a country's institutional and legal environment
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